Answer BOTH of the following questions:
- Given the following list of antibiotics and their targets, explain how each stops bacteria without harming human cells. Base your analyses on the differences between eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells.
- Considering the targets of these antibiotics, explain why antibiotics in general would not be useful for treating a viral infection.
Penicillin Blocks cell wall synthesis
Tetracycline Blocks protein synthesis by binding to the 30S Unit of the ribosome
Chloramphenicol Blocks protein synthesis by binding to the 50S Unit of the ribosome
Sulfonamides Inhibit folic acid synthesis
Vancomycin Blocks cross-linking of the peptidoglycan in the cell wall
Read this to enhance your understanding of the differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells: How do antibiotics kill bacterial cells but not human cells?
See a comparison of bacterial and viral features here: Differences between bacteria and viruses.
Follow these guidelines for your paper:
- Utilize at least 1 credible source to support the arguments presented in the paper. Make sure you cite appropriately within your paper, and list the reference(s) in APA format on your Reference page.
- Your paper should be 1–2 pages in length, not counting the Title page and Reference page.