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1 | P a g e Faculty of Business & Law MBA Assignment Brief Module Title: Critical Issues in Business ( STRM-042 ) Module Leader: Tiju Kodiyat January 2019 2 | P a g e THE UNIVERSITY OF NORTHAMPTON Faculty of Business and Law MODULE NAME: MBA – Critical Issues in Business – (STRM042) Module Code Level Credit Value Module Leader STRM042 7 10 Tiju Kodiyat Assignment Brief Assignment title: Critical Literature Review Weighting: 100% Deadline: Please see assignment submission point on your NILE. Feedback and Grades due: 4 working weeks after your submission date Resit Date Please see assignment submission point on your NILE. Please read this assessment brief in its entirety before attempting your assignment. 3 | P a g e The Assignment Task: The purpose of this assignment is to undertake a critical review of literature in relation to key themes in Strategic Business and Management. A literature review is a critical analysis of published sources on a particular topic. It is an assessment of the literature and provides a summary, classification, comparison and evaluation. Undertaking a critical review of literature is a key component for postgraduate study. It allows you to demonstrate the depth of your knowledge and understanding, highlight your ability to challenge, question, compare and contrast and analyse a range of theories and concepts in relation to your topic. It is important that you demonstrate that you are able to evaluate and critically analyse what you are reading. As a post graduate business student, it is essential that you demonstrate up-to-date knowledge regarding critical business issues and that you can reach evidence-based conclusions in your writing. The task: is to undertake a Critical Literature Review in relation to key themes in Strategic Business and Management that being introduced in this module within the context of International Business. Choose one of the following topics below for your essay: ❖ Leadership in the 21st century and strategic development of organisations. ❖ Leading innovation and strategic development of organisations in the 21st century. ❖ Leading organisations in complex business environment in the 21st century. ❖ Leadership for Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and sustainability issues in Strategic Management in the 21st century. Once you choose a topic, you must write a 2,000-word research essay (+/-10%). Remember your final reference list, cover page, list of tables, list of figures and list of appendices and appendices are not included. Using headings, you should introduce your topic, then critically evaluate your research sources, comparing and contrasting ideas to summarise key themes and identify new theories based on your research. Finally, you should synthesise and add a conclusion to summarise what you have found. (The assignment template will be provided). A Critical Literature Review is a research-based essay requires you to identify, select and analyse the research on the key themes and to critically discuss the implications of the research in relation to real world situations. You must employ evidence-based analysis and cite your sources and present a reference list (Harvard Style). 4 | P a g e Evidence-based analysis: This means you should support and critically analyse arguments made within your essay by providing proper justifications from academic articles and academic books (sourced via UoN library and NELSON) and/or from other creditable sources mentioned in your Harvard Referencing guide. You must use quality sources of information. Quality sources normally include academic journals and academic books and credible business reports. You must also cite and reference your sources using Harvard Referencing. There will be guidance on NILE to help you to consider the credibility of your research and to help you with Harvard Referencing. For support with critical reading and writing, how to approach literature reviews and postgraduate level work, Harvard referencing and other academic skills please use the University of Northampton skills hub: http://skillshub.northampton.ac.uk/ Learning Outcomes: The learning outcomes that are being assessed in this assignment are: Depth of Knowledge and Understanding: LO1: Critically explain the value and importance of an integrated perspective to organisational leadership LO2: Apply a range of analytical models and conceptual tools and techniques in the analysis of organisations. LO3: Demonstrate knowledge applied to practical situations of business management. Subject Specific skills: LO4: Engage in critical, developmental reflection about professional knowledge. LO5: Produce evidence-based arguments and conclusions. Key Skills: LO6: Demonstrate an ability to work effectively as an individual and group member in order to carry out tasks linking theory to practice LO7: Make discriminating use of a range of learning resources in order to solve business related problems. LO8: Communicate the solutions arrived at, and the thinking underlying them, in verbal and written form Your grade will depend on the extent to which you meet these learning outcomes in the way relevant for this assignment. Please see the grading rubric at the end of this assignment brief for further details of the criteria against which you will be assessed. 5 | P a g e Word Limits: The maximum word limit for this assignment is 2,000 words. In accordance with the Assessment and Feedback Policy, as stated in section 4.40 where a submission exceeds the stipulated word limit by more than 10%, the submission will only be marked up to and including the additional 10%. Anything over this will not be included in the final grade for the assessment item. Abstracts, bibliographies, reference lists, appendices and footnotes are excluded from any word limit requirements. In line with section 4.41 of the same Policy, where a submission is notably under the word limit, the full submission will be marked on the extent to which the learning objectives have been met. Generic Grading Criteria: You will find the generic grading criteria for achievement at University Grading Criteria. Also explained here are the meanings of the various G grades at the bottom of the grading scale. Assessment Submission: To submit your work, please go to the ‘Submit your work’ area on the NILE site and use the relevantsubmission point to upload your report. The deadline for this is 11.59pm (UK local time) on the date of submission. Written work submitted to TURNITIN will be subject to anti-plagiarism detection software. Turnitin checks student work for possible textual matches against internet available resources and its own proprietary database. When you upload your work correctly to TURNITIN you will receive a receipt which is your record and proof of submission. If your assignment is not submitted to TURNITIN rather than a receipt you will see a green banner at the top of the screen that denotes successful submission. N.B Work emailed directly to your tutor will not normally be marked. The only exception to this is when you are instructed to do so because TURNITIN is down. Late submission of work: For first sits, if an item of assessment is submitted late and an extension has not been granted, the following will apply: • Within one week of the original deadline – work will be marked and returned with full feedback and awarded a maximum bare pass grade. • More than one week from original deadline – maximum grade achievable LG (L indicating late). At the second opportunity deadline (resits) work submitted late will be awarded a LG grade. There is no opportunity to submit work late for a bare pass. 6 | P a g e Extensions: The University of Northampton’s general policy with regard to extensions is to be supportive of students who have genuine difficulties, but not against pressures of work that could have reasonably been anticipated. For full details please refer to the Extensions Policy. The module leader can, where appropriate, authorise a short extension of up to two weeks from the original submission date for first sits only. There are NOexten sions for resits. The TWO weeks means 14 calendar days including weekends and any University closed days. Mitigating Circumstances: For guidance on Mitigating circumstances please go to Mitigating Circumstances where you will find detailed guidance on the policy as well as guidance and the form for making an application. Please note, however, that an application to defer an assessment on the grounds of mitigating circumstances should normally be made in advance of the submission deadline or examination date. Plagiarism and Academic Integrity: Unless this is a group assignment, the work you produce must be your own with work taken from any other source properly referenced and attributed. The University of Northampton policy will apply in all cases of copying, plagiarism or any other methods by which students have obtained (or attempted to obtain) an unfair advantage. If you are in any doubt about what constitutes plagiarism or any other infringement of academic integrity, please read the University’s Academic Integrity and Misconduct Policy. For help with understanding academic integrity go to UNPAC and follow the Top Tips for Good Academic Practice on the student hub. Please note that the University of Northampton puts all written assignments through detection software which detects if work has been plagiarised (copied) from other students (past or present and whether at UON or any other university), books, journals or internet sources. Copied materials WILL be detected. The penalties for copying work from another source without proper referencing are severe and can include failing the assignment, failing the module and expulsion from the university. Feedback and Grades: These can be accessed through clicking on the Feedback and Grades tab on NILE. Feedback will be provided by a rubric with summary comments. 7 | P a g e Grading Rubric – STRM042 Criteria No submission / No evidence Fail Pass Merit Distinction Depth of Knowledge and Understanding LO1, LO3 (20%) Unsatisfactory, as sources are not critically evaluated before selection. There is very limited evidence of information literacy and digital information literacy and/or selection lacks quality. Unsatisfactory, as a very Limited / lack of knowledge and understanding of wellestablished theories. Incorrect application to practical scenarios. Not making sense and a very limited area of depth Satisfactory, the work provides a systematic response to the assessment brief. Critical awareness of current issues is informed by research based/theoretical knowledge at the forefront of the area of study, but the research may lack breath and/or depth. Sources may not be critically evaluated before selection. This may come across as a lack of relevant sources / dated articles / too many opinion pieces and or lack of evidence-based research. Limited knowledge and understanding of theories, accurate application in practical scenarios. Good knowledge and understanding of key areas with detailed and accurate application in practical scenarios. Different views and perspectives shown. The work provides a detailed and systematic response to the assessment brief. There is evidence of wide ranging research, but sources may be dated and/or mostly industry / opinion-based sources. There may be evidence of digital information literacy but a lack critical judgement regarding sources to use. Excellent knowledge and understanding, exploring and analysing key areas. Excellent analysis of key areas and broadened subject. The work demonstrates a confident, independent and well-judged response to the assessment brief. There is evidence of exceptional research based on a broad scale of quality sources of information and you demonstrate excellence in critical information literacy and digital information literacy. Application of Theory & Concept & Critical Analysis & Evaluation LO2, LO4, LO6 (30%) More work is needed to improve selection of sources and to demonstrate theoretical understanding. You may need to review how to undertake a literature review or how to cite sources to evidence critical analysis. A very limited / lack of analysis with a very limited depth. A very limited discussion and insufficient detail. A very Limited / Lack of ability of problem analysis/problem solving. Incorrect application to practical scenarios. Not making sense. A very limited/lack amount of evidence of application. A very limited or no application in practical scenarios. Unsatisfactory theoretical underpinning, demonstrates little understanding of relevant theory. Satisfactory, the work offers a more limited application of knowledge and/or conceptual understanding of advanced scholarship. However, it nonetheless contains evidence of critical awareness in relation to analysis, synthesis, evaluation and application. This work demonstrates initiative as an independent and self-critical learner, but in a limited form. Competent problem analysis/problem solving. Original and retrospective thinking. Limited evaluation of key points. This work is mainly descriptive. Limited range of theories appropriately included applied. Accurate application in practical scenarios. Satisfactory theoretical underpinning, but highly descriptive and generalised The work integrates a good skill of advanced analysis, synthesis, evaluation and application. There is consistent evidence of the exercise of Good and considered judgment. Self-direction and critical independent learning is demonstrated. Where appropriate, work demonstrates applied research skills and/or advanced scholarship. Explores and critically analyses key areas. Justified personal opinions/ideas. Good recommendations and plans for improvement. Good range of theories considered with some evaluation/ justification for preferred theory as applied. Detailed and accurate application in practical scenarios. Different views and perspectives shown. Good solid answer with some analysis of the underpinning theory but elements of generalisation and descriptiveness. The work effectively integrates the advanced skills of analysis, synthesis, evaluation and application. There is a very consistent evidence of excellent, measured judgment. Self-direction, creativity and practical understanding are evident, demonstrating the qualities expected of an effective self- critical independent learner. Where appropriate, the work demonstrates consistent research and advanced scholarship. Outstanding ability of problem solving. Original, retrospective thinking. Excellent critical analysis and reflections. Original ideas supported with comprehensive research. Pertinent recommendations. Excellent range of theories and experiences considered with full evaluation / justification for preferred theory as applied. Excellent level of overview and analysis in respect of the underpinning theory. Synthesis & Conclusions LO5 (20%) You could not bring together all your research and study materials from different academic and creditable sources. Unsatisfactory discovery of relationship between sources and identifying major themes and concepts and identifying critical gapes and disagreements. Unsatisfactory comparison, contrast and critically evaluation and interpretation. Unsatisfactory, as weak conclusion which bears little relation to the main points made in the text. Very little focus on the assignment brief is evident. You have brought together all your research and study materials from different academic and creditable sources in a Satisfactory form. A satisfactory discovery of relationship between sources and identifying major themes and concepts and identifying critical gapes and disagreements. Satisfactory comparison, contrast and critically evaluation and interpretation. Satisfactory conclusions which draw together analysis of authors on the topic or theme. Some focus on the assignment brief is evident. You have brought together all your research and study materials from different academic and creditable sources in a Good form. A good discovery of relationship between sources and identifying major themes and concepts and identifying critical gapes and disagreements. A good comparison, contrast and critically evaluation and interpretation. Good conclusions which draw together analysis of authors on the topic or theme. Good focus on the assignment brief is evident. You have brought together all your research and study materials from different academic and creditable sources in an Excellent form. Excellent discovery of relationship between sources and identifying major themes and concepts and identifying critical gapes and disagreements. Excellent comparison, contrast and critically evaluation and interpretation Excellent conclusions which draw together analysis of authors on the topic or theme. Excellent focus on the assignment brief is evident. Format, Structure and Flow LO8 (10%) Unsatisfactory as improvement is needed for your structure and flow and/or presentation Satisfactory as the technical aspects of the work sit at the threshold, with appropriate presentation and expression. The technical aspects of the work are Good, with good standards of presentation and expression. There is a good flow. The work is technically Excellent presented, with high standards of presentation and expression. There is an Excellent flow throughout. Academic writing and Rigour and Harvard Referencing LO6, LO7 (20%) Unsatisfactory, as misspellings, multiple grammatical errors. Some reference but not sufficient use of academic sources. Attempt at Harvard referencing of various sources. Unsatisfactory referencing- considerable technical issues in respect of referencing which you need to work on. The number of references is small and tends to lack academically -reliable sources. Satisfactory referencing and citations but may have errors. Some effective Harvard referencing of various sources used. Achieves modules outcomes. Some technical issues in respect of referencing which you need to work harder at. The number of references is small and tends to lack academically -reliable sources. References and citations are Good and follow protocol Good piece of work. Only a few errors. Good evidence of independent research undertaken with largely effective Harvard referencing. Well research academic sources. Very few technical issues in respect of referencing. The number of referenced sources is reasonable and shows good use of appropriate academic articles, book sources and company industry materials. Excellent piece of work, with a few or no errors. Achieved all module outcomes. Evidence of a very good / Excellent individual research with very effective Harvard referencing. Citations and References are excellent and meet university standards. Excellent referencing, no technical issues in respect of referencing. The number of referenced sources is reasonably extensive and shows Excellent use of appropriate academic articles, book sources and company/industry materials 8 Grade Criteria – Level 7 These are the criteria required to achieve each classification at Level 7 An outstanding Distinction A+ Work which fulfils all the criteria of the grade below, but at an exceptional standard. A very strong Distinction A Work of distinguished quality which is evidenced by an authoritative comprehensive, detailed and systematic knowledge base and understanding for specialised area of study. A key feature will be the ability to work with creativity and originality using knowledge and insights at the forefront of the area of study. There will be a confident grasp of disciplinary methodologies for the discipline/area of study which will be consistently reflected in both own research and advanced scholarship, effectively integrating advanced skills of analysis, synthesis, evaluation and application on a firm foundation of critical facility. Work will be characterised by strong technical expertise to high professional standards, and there will be sustained evidence of confident, autonomous operation and judgment in complex and unpredictable professional situations both in relation to working with others and in relation to own functioning. Self-direction, creativity, practical understanding will be combined to demonstrate the qualities expected of an effective self-critical independent learner exercising excellent measured judgment, and will be a consistent feature of work. A clear Distinction A- Work of very good quality which displays most but not all the criteria for the grade above. An outstanding merit B+ Work of highly commendable quality which clearly fulfils the criteria for the grade below, but shows a greater degree of capability in relevant advanced intellectual or specialised skills. A very strong Merit B Work of commendable quality demonstrating a detailed and systematic knowledge base and understanding in specialised areas, informed by critical awareness of current issues, research based/theoretical insights at the forefront of the area of study. This will be supplemented by a good comprehensive understanding of disciplinary methodologies relevant to own research or advanced scholarship, which will be reflected in work which integrates skills of advanced analysis, synthesis, evaluation and application with critical awareness. There will be some evidence of originality in application of skills/knowledge, underpinned by good technical expertise which permits confident, autonomous operation in a range of complex and unpredictable professional situations. The ability to work autonomously, as a self-critical independent learner exercising good and considered judgment, will be a consistent feature of work. A Merit B- Work of good quality which contains most, but not all of the characteristics of the grade above. An outstanding Pass C+ Work which clearly fulfils the criteria for the grade below but shows a greater degree of capability in relevant advanced intellectual or specialised skills. A very good Pass C Work of capable quality which clearly demonstrates a systematic understanding of knowledge in specialised areas and a critical awareness of current issues, research based/theoretical knowledge at the forefront of the area of study, together with a sound understanding of methodologies applicable to own research or advanced scholarship. There may be limitations to the application of this knowledge and/or conceptual understanding of advanced scholarship, but there will be evidence of critical awareness in relation to analysis, synthesis, evaluation and application. The ability to exercise initiative as an independent and self-critical learner in complex and unpredictable professional contexts will be demonstrated, as will threshold levels of technical expertise, although the scope of expertise may be limited. A Pass C- Work of satisfactory quality which contains most, but not all, of the characteristics of the grade above. Fail F+ Work which indicates some evidence of a systematic, coherent and analytical engagement with key aspects of the field of study, including familiarity with current scholarship, and evidence of ability to utilize specialised skills, but which also contains significant limitations. F Work that falls well short of the threshold standards in relation to one or more of knowledge, intellectual, subject based or key skills at this level. FWork of poor quality which is based only on minimal understanding, application or effort. It will offer only very limited evidence of familiarity with knowledge or skills appropriate to the field of study at this level. G Nothing presented. ZZ Academic Misconduct. Work submitted but academic misconduct proven, and penalty given was to award AG grade. LG Late Submission. Work submitted but given an LG grade due to late submission. NG Work of nil value. Work submitted but work comprises no value. 9 Assignment Support: Citing & Referencing Harvard Style (UK Universities have slightly different Harvard referencing style) For more details, please check your university’s Harvard referencing guide: UoN’s Harvard Referencing Guide “Referencing is a way of acknowledging other peoples’ ideas and work. You do this through a citation (in the text of your work) and a reference at the end of your work. The purpose of referencing is so that anyone reading your work can refer to the original source to check and verif y the ideas presented. You must reference any source that you use” (UoN Library and Learning Service, 2016). ➢ Your in-text citations and final reference list MUST be in Harvard Style. ➢ You SHOULD develop your critical thinking and provide it in an academic format/work. ➢ Your academic works (report, assignment, presentation and etc) without academic references (textbooks & academic articles) and credible sources have NO value and it is NOT acceptable. ➢ Using non-academic sources and internet websites such as Wikipedia, YouTube, Online Business Dictionary, Study.com and similar sources will not add any value to your arguments and your grade will be affected negatively. Please Do Not use non-academic internet websites / non-academic sources to support your arguments. ➢ You may develop your knowledge by watching YouTube videos or reading Wikipedia. BUT, you are NOT allowed to use them as references/citations. You MUST find the original academic or credible sources of those YouTubes and Wikipedia pages to use as citations and references. ➢ Official credible internet websites can be used to gain data and information to support your findings and arguments. For example: 1) Office for National Statistics: https://www.ons.gov.uk 2) UK Government: https://www.gov.uk 3) USA Government: https://www.usa.gov 4) BBC: http://www.bbc.co.uk 5) CNN: http://www.cnn.com 6) The world Bank: http://www.worldbank.org 7) IMF: http://www.imf.org 8) United Nation: http://www.un.org/en/index.html 9) EU: http://europa.eu/ 10) UNESCO: http://en.unesco.org 11) The Economist: http://www.economist.com 12) Financial Times: http://www.ft.com/home/uk 13) The Telegraph: http://www.telegraph.co.uk 14) HSBC Bank: http://www.hsbc.co.uk 15) Lloyds Bank: https://www.lloydsbank.com 16) Apple: http://www.apple.com 17) Samsung: http://www.samsung.com/uk/home 18) Toyota: https://www.toyota.co.uk/index.json 19) McKinsey & Company https://www.mckinsey.com 20) Chartered Management Institute (CMI) http://www.managers.org.uk Talk to your lecturer if you need more help! 10 How to develop critical thinking? You will be taught different modules during your studies. You are going to review, read and understand the importance of different Business and Management theories and you will practice and apply those theories on your case studies during seminar activities and assessments. Critical Thinking means, making reasoned judgments that are logical and well thought out. If you think critically you may ask these questions such as: ❖ How do you know that? ❖ Why this is happening? ❖ What are the different scholars’ opinions about the objectives / topics? ❖ Is this conclusion based on credible and academic evidence or gut feelings? ❖ Are there alternative possibilities? You critical thinking can be divided into the followings: ➢ Curiosity ➢ Scepticism ➢ Humility Curiosity: Desire to learn more information and seek evidence as well as being open to new ideas. Scepticism: Having a healthy questioning attitude about new information that you are exposed to. Humility: Admit your opinions and ideas are wrong when faced with new convincing evidence. Critical Thinking is a complex process of deliberation which involves a wide range of skills and attitudes. The focus of critical thinking is often referred to as the “argument” (Cottrell, 2011. pp.2-4): ➢ Identifying other people’s (academic scholars) positions, arguments and conclusions. ➢ Evaluating the evidence for alternative points of view. ➢ Weighing up opposing arguments and evidence fairly. ➢ Being able to read between the lines, seeing behind surface and identifying false or unfair assumptions. ➢ Recognising technique used to make certain positions more appealing than others. ➢ Reflecting issues in a structured way, bringing logic and insight to bear. ➢ Drawing conclusions about whether arguments are valid and justifiable, based on good evidence and sensible assumptions. ➢ Synthesising information, drawing together your judgments of evidence, synthesising these to form your own new position. ➢ Presenting a point of view in a structured, clear well-reasoned way that convinces others (based on creditable findings). Benefit of critical thinking skills: ➢ Improve attention and observation. ➢ More focused reading. ➢ Improve ability to identify the key points in a text or other message rather than becoming distracted by less important materials. ➢ Improve ability to respond to the appropriate points in a message. ➢ Knowledge of how to get your own point across more easily ➢ Skills of analysis that you can choose to apply in a variety of situations. 11 Assignment Layout: Critical Issues in Business (STRM042) ➢ Cover Page ➢ Font: Time New Roman ➢ Font size main body: 12 ➢ Font size titles: 16 Bold ➢ Font size sub-titles: 14 Bold Italic ➢ Space between lines: 1.5 ➢ Margins; Top and Bottom: 2.5 cm ➢ Margins; Right and Left: 3 cm ➢ Lines from left and right Justified ➢ Pages are all Numbered ➢ Table of contents ➢ List of Tables ➢ List of Figures ➢ List of Appendices ➢ All the essential sections/chapters that you think are appropriate for your assignment. ➢ Harvard Reference List Cover page, appendices, list of tables, list of figures, list of appendices and end Harvard Reference list are not included in your final word count. 12 ****** This is a sample template for your assignment ****** Faculty of Business & Law International Strategy & Business IS&B Student Name: … Student ID: … MBA STRM 042 Critical Issues in Business Assignment Topic:? Assignment word count:? Lecturer Name:? Submission Date:? 13 1. Title Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages are all numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages are all numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages are all numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages are all numbered Main body font 1.1. Sub-title Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages are all numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages are all numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages are all numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages are all numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages are all numbered 1.2. Sub-title Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages are all numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages are all numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages are all numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages are all numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages are all numbered 2. Title Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages are all numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages are all numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages are all numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages are all numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages are all numbered 14 2.1. Sub-title Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages are all numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages are all numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages are all numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from l eft and right, pages are all numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages are all numbered 2.2. Sub-title Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages are all numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages are all numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages are all numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages are all numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages are all numbered 3. Title Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages are all numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages are all numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages are all numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages are all numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages are all numbered 3.1. Sub-title Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages are all numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages are all numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages are all numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages are all numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages are all numbered 15 4. List of References Must be in UoN Harvard Style, UoN Harvard Style, UoN Harvard Style, UoN Harvard Style, UoN Harvard Style, UoN Harvard Style, UoN Harvard Style, UoN Harvard Style, UoN Harvard Style, UoN Harvard Style, UoN Harvard Style, UoN Harvard Style, UoN Harvard Style, UoN Harvard Style, UoN Harvard Style, UoN Harvard Style, UoN Harvard Style,

1 | P a g e
Faculty of Business & Law
MBA
Assignment Brief
Module Title:
Critical Issues in Business
( STRM-042 )
Module Leader: Tiju Kodiyat
January 2019
2 | P a g e
THE UNIVERSITY OF NORTHAMPTON
Faculty of Business and Law
MODULE NAME: MBA – Critical Issues in Business – (STRM042)
Module Code Level Credit Value Module Leader
STRM042 7 10 Tiju Kodiyat
Assignment Brief
Assignment title: Critical Literature Review
Weighting: 100%
Deadline: Please see assignment submission point on your NILE.
Feedback and Grades due: 4 working weeks after your submission date
Resit Date Please see assignment submission point on your NILE.
Please read this assessment brief in its entirety before attempting your assignment.
3 | P a g e
The Assignment Task:
The purpose of this assignment is to undertake a critical review of literature in relation to key themes in
Strategic Business and Management. A literature review is a critical analysis of published sources on a
particular topic. It is an assessment of the literature and provides a summary, classification, comparison and
evaluation. Undertaking a critical review of literature is a key component for postgraduate study. It allows you
to demonstrate the depth of your knowledge and understanding, highlight your ability to challenge, question,
compare and contrast and analyse a range of theories and concepts in relation to your topic.
It is important that you demonstrate that you are able to evaluate and critically analyse what you are reading.
As a post graduate business student, it is essential that you demonstrate up-to-date knowledge regarding
critical business issues and that you can reach evidence-based conclusions in your writing.
The task: is to undertake a Critical Literature Review in relation to key themes in Strategic Business and
Management that being introduced in this module within the context of International Business. Choose one
of the following topics below for your essay:
❖ Leadership in the 21st century and strategic development of organisations.
❖ Leading innovation and strategic development of organisations in the 21st century.
❖ Leading organisations in complex business environment in the 21st century.
❖ Leadership for Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and sustainability issues in Strategic
Management in the 21st century.
Once you choose a topic, you must write a 2,000-word research essay (+/-10%). Remember your final
reference list, cover page, list of tables, list of figures and list of appendices and appendices are not included.
Using headings, you should introduce your topic, then critically evaluate your research sources, comparing and
contrasting ideas to summarise key themes and identify new theories based on your research. Finally, you
should synthesise and add a conclusion to summarise what you have found. (The assignment template will be
provided). A Critical Literature Review is a research-based essay requires you to identify, select and analyse the
research on the key themes and to critically discuss the implications of the research in relation to real world
situations. You must employ evidence-based analysis and cite your sources and present a reference list
(Harvard Style).
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Evidence-based analysis: This means you should support and critically analyse arguments made within your essay by
providing proper justifications from academic articles and academic books (sourced via UoN library and NELSON) and/or
from other creditable sources mentioned in your Harvard Referencing guide. You must use quality sources of
information. Quality sources normally include academic journals and academic books and credible business
reports. You must also cite and reference your sources using Harvard Referencing. There will be guidance on
NILE to help you to consider the credibility of your research and to help you with Harvard Referencing. For
support with critical reading and writing, how to approach literature reviews and postgraduate level work,
Harvard referencing and other academic skills please use the University of Northampton skills hub:

Learning Outcomes:
The learning outcomes that are being assessed in this assignment are:
Depth of Knowledge and Understanding:
LO1: Critically explain the value and importance of an integrated perspective to organisational leadership
LO2: Apply a range of analytical models and conceptual tools and techniques in the analysis of organisations.
LO3: Demonstrate knowledge applied to practical situations of business management.
Subject Specific skills:
LO4: Engage in critical, developmental reflection about professional knowledge.
LO5: Produce evidence-based arguments and conclusions.
Key Skills:
LO6: Demonstrate an ability to work effectively as an individual and group member in order to carry out tasks linking
theory to practice
LO7: Make discriminating use of a range of learning resources in order to solve business related problems.
LO8: Communicate the solutions arrived at, and the thinking underlying them, in verbal and written form
Your grade will depend on the extent to which you meet these learning outcomes in the way relevant for this
assignment. Please see the grading rubric at the end of this assignment brief for further details of the criteria
against which you will be assessed.
5 | P a g e
Word Limits:
The maximum word limit for this assignment is 2,000 words. In accordance with the Assessment and Feedback Policy, as
stated in section 4.40 where a submission exceeds the stipulated word limit by more than 10%, the submission
will only be marked up to and including the additional 10%. Anything over this will not be included in the final
grade for the assessment item. Abstracts, bibliographies, reference lists, appendices and footnotes are
excluded from any word limit requirements.
In line with section 4.41 of the same Policy, where a submission is notably under the word limit, the full submission will
be marked on the extent to which the learning objectives have been met.
Generic Grading Criteria:
You will find the generic grading criteria for achievement at University Grading Criteria. Also explained here
are the meanings of the various G grades at the bottom of the grading scale.
Assessment Submission:
To submit your work, please go to the ‘Submit your work’ area on the NILE site and use the relevantsubmission
point to upload your report. The deadline for this is 11.59pm (UK local time) on the date of submission. Written
work submitted to TURNITIN will be subject to anti-plagiarism detection software. Turnitin checks student
work for possible textual matches against internet available resources and its own proprietary database. When
you upload your work correctly to TURNITIN you will receive a receipt which is your record and proof of
submission. If your assignment is not submitted to TURNITIN rather than a receipt you will see a green banner
at the top of the screen that denotes successful submission.
N.B Work emailed directly to your tutor will not normally be marked. The only exception to this is when you are
instructed to do so because TURNITIN is down.
Late submission of work:
For first sits, if an item of assessment is submitted late and an extension has not been granted, the following
will apply:
• Within one week of the original deadline – work will be marked and returned with full feedback and
awarded a maximum bare pass grade.
• More than one week from original deadline – maximum grade achievable LG (L indicating late).
At the second opportunity deadline (resits) work submitted late will be awarded a LG grade. There is no
opportunity to submit work late for a bare pass.
6 | P a g e
Extensions:
The University of Northampton’s general policy with regard to extensions is to be supportive of students who
have genuine difficulties, but not against pressures of work that could have reasonably been anticipated.
For full details please refer to the Extensions Policy. The module leader can, where appropriate, authorise a
short extension of up to two weeks from the original submission date for first sits only. There are NOextensions
for resits. The TWO weeks means 14 calendar days including weekends and any University closed days.
Mitigating Circumstances:
For guidance on Mitigating circumstances please go to Mitigating Circumstances where you will find detailed
guidance on the policy as well as guidance and the form for making an application.
Please note, however, that an application to defer an assessment on the grounds of mitigating circumstances
should normally be made in advance of the submission deadline or examination date.
Plagiarism and Academic Integrity:
Unless this is a group assignment, the work you produce must be your own with work taken from any other
source properly referenced and attributed. The University of Northampton policy will apply in all cases of
copying, plagiarism or any other methods by which students have obtained (or attempted to obtain) an unfair
advantage.
If you are in any doubt about what constitutes plagiarism or any other infringement of academic integrity,
please read the University’s Academic Integrity and Misconduct Policy. For help with understanding academic
integrity go to UNPAC and follow the Top Tips for Good Academic Practice on the student hub.
Please note that the University of Northampton puts all written assignments through detection software
which detects if work has been plagiarised (copied) from other students (past or present and whether at
UON or any other university), books, journals or internet sources. Copied materials WILL be detected. The
penalties for copying work from another source without proper referencing are severe and can include
failing the assignment, failing the module and expulsion from the university.
Feedback and Grades:
These can be accessed through clicking on the Feedback and Grades tab on NILE. Feedback will be provided
by a rubric with summary comments.
7 | P a g e
Grading Rubric – STRM042
Criteria
No submission / No evidence
Fail Pass Merit Distinction
Depth of Knowledge
and Understanding
LO1, LO3
(20%)
Unsatisfactory, as sources are not critically
evaluated before selection. There is very limited
evidence of information literacy and digital
information literacy and/or selection lacks
quality.
Unsatisfactory, as a very Limited / lack of
knowledge and understanding of wellestablished theories. Incorrect application to
practical scenarios. Not making sense and a
very limited area of depth
Satisfactory, the work provides a systematic
response to the assessment brief. Critical
awareness of current issues is informed by
research based/theoretical knowledge at the
forefront of the area of study, but the research
may lack breath and/or depth.
Sources may not be critically evaluated before
selection. This may come across as a lack of
relevant sources / dated articles / too many
opinion pieces and or lack of evidence-based
research. Limited knowledge and understanding
of theories, accurate application in practical
scenarios.
Good knowledge and understanding of key areas
with detailed and accurate application in
practical scenarios. Different views and
perspectives shown. The work provides a
detailed and systematic response to the
assessment brief.
There is evidence of wide ranging research, but
sources may be dated and/or mostly industry /
opinion-based sources. There may be evidence
of digital information literacy but a lack critical
judgement regarding sources to use.
Excellent knowledge and understanding,
exploring and analysing key areas. Excellent
analysis of key areas and broadened subject.
The work demonstrates a confident,
independent and well-judged response to the
assessment brief.
There is evidence of exceptional research
based on a broad scale of quality sources of
information and you demonstrate excellence
in critical information literacy and digital
information literacy.
Application of
Theory &
Concept
&
Critical Analysis &
Evaluation
LO2, LO4, LO6
(30%)
More work is needed to improve selection of
sources and to demonstrate theoretical
understanding. You may need to review how to
undertake a literature review or how to cite
sources to evidence critical analysis.
A very limited / lack of analysis with a very
limited depth. A very limited discussion and
insufficient detail. A very Limited / Lack of ability
of problem analysis/problem solving.
Incorrect application to practical scenarios. Not
making sense.
A very limited/lack amount of evidence of
application. A very limited or no application in
practical scenarios.
Unsatisfactory theoretical underpinning,
demonstrates little understanding of relevant
theory.
Satisfactory, the work offers a more limited
application of knowledge and/or conceptual
understanding of advanced scholarship.
However, it nonetheless contains evidence of
critical awareness in relation to analysis,
synthesis, evaluation and application.
This work demonstrates initiative as an
independent and self-critical learner, but in a
limited form.
Competent problem analysis/problem solving.
Original and retrospective thinking. Limited
evaluation of key points. This work is mainly
descriptive.
Limited range of theories appropriately included
applied. Accurate application in practical
scenarios.
Satisfactory theoretical underpinning, but highly
descriptive and generalised
The work integrates a good skill of advanced
analysis, synthesis, evaluation and application.
There is consistent evidence of the exercise of
Good and considered judgment. Self-direction
and critical independent learning is
demonstrated.
Where appropriate, work demonstrates applied
research skills and/or advanced scholarship.
Explores and critically analyses key areas.
Justified personal opinions/ideas. Good
recommendations and plans for improvement.
Good range of theories considered with some
evaluation/ justification for preferred theory as
applied. Detailed and accurate application in
practical scenarios. Different views and
perspectives shown. Good solid answer with
some analysis of the underpinning theory but
elements of generalisation and descriptiveness.
The work effectively integrates the advanced
skills of analysis, synthesis, evaluation and
application. There is a very consistent
evidence of excellent, measured judgment.
Self-direction, creativity and practical
understanding are evident, demonstrating the
qualities expected of an effective self- critical
independent learner.
Where appropriate, the work demonstrates
consistent research and advanced
scholarship. Outstanding ability of problem
solving. Original, retrospective thinking.
Excellent critical analysis and reflections.
Original ideas supported with comprehensive
research. Pertinent recommendations.
Excellent range of theories and experiences
considered with full evaluation / justification
for preferred theory as applied. Excellent level
of overview and analysis in respect of the
underpinning theory.
Synthesis
&
Conclusions
LO5
(20%)
You could not bring together all your research
and study materials from different academic and
creditable sources.
Unsatisfactory discovery of relationship between
sources and identifying major themes and
concepts and identifying critical gapes and
disagreements.
Unsatisfactory comparison, contrast and
critically evaluation and interpretation.
Unsatisfactory, as weak conclusion which bears
little relation to the main points made in the
text. Very little focus on the assignment brief is
evident.
You have brought together all your research and
study materials from different academic and
creditable sources in a Satisfactory form.
A satisfactory discovery of relationship between
sources and identifying major themes and
concepts and identifying critical gapes and
disagreements.
Satisfactory comparison, contrast and critically
evaluation and interpretation.
Satisfactory conclusions which draw together
analysis of authors on the topic or theme. Some
focus on the assignment brief is evident.
You have brought together all your research and
study materials from different academic and
creditable sources in a Good form.
A good discovery of relationship between
sources and identifying major themes and
concepts and identifying critical gapes and
disagreements.
A good comparison, contrast and critically
evaluation and interpretation.
Good conclusions which draw together analysis
of authors on the topic or theme. Good focus on
the assignment brief is evident.
You have brought together all your research
and study materials from different academic
and creditable sources in an Excellent form.
Excellent discovery of relationship between
sources and identifying major themes and
concepts and identifying critical gapes and
disagreements.
Excellent comparison, contrast and critically
evaluation and interpretation
Excellent conclusions which draw together
analysis of authors on the topic or theme.
Excellent focus on the assignment brief is
evident.
Format, Structure
and Flow
LO8
(10%)
Unsatisfactory as improvement is needed for
your structure and flow and/or presentation
Satisfactory as the technical aspects of the work
sit at the threshold, with appropriate
presentation and expression.
The technical aspects of the work are Good, with
good standards of presentation and expression.
There is a good flow.
The work is technically Excellent presented,
with high standards of presentation and
expression. There is an Excellent flow
throughout.
Academic writing
and Rigour and
Harvard
Referencing
LO6, LO7
(20%)
Unsatisfactory, as misspellings, multiple
grammatical errors. Some reference but not
sufficient use of academic sources. Attempt at
Harvard referencing of various sources.
Unsatisfactory referencing- considerable
technical issues in respect of referencing which
you need to work on. The number of references
is small and tends to lack academically -reliable
sources.
Satisfactory referencing and citations but may
have errors. Some effective Harvard referencing
of various sources used. Achieves modules
outcomes.
Some technical issues in respect of referencing
which you need to work harder at. The number
of references is small and tends to lack
academically -reliable sources.
References and citations are Good and follow
protocol Good piece of work. Only a few errors.
Good evidence of independent research
undertaken with largely effective Harvard
referencing. Well research academic sources.
Very few technical issues in respect of
referencing. The number of referenced sources
is reasonable and shows good use of appropriate
academic articles, book sources and company
industry materials.
Excellent piece of work, with a few or no
errors. Achieved all module outcomes.
Evidence of a very good / Excellent individual
research with very effective Harvard
referencing. Citations and References are
excellent and meet university standards.
Excellent referencing, no technical issues in
respect of referencing. The number of
referenced sources is reasonably extensive
and shows Excellent use of appropriate
academic articles, book sources and
company/industry materials
8
Grade Criteria – Level 7
These are the criteria required to achieve each classification at Level 7
An outstanding
Distinction A+ Work which fulfils all the criteria of the grade below, but at an exceptional standard.
A very strong
Distinction A
Work of distinguished quality which is evidenced by an authoritative comprehensive, detailed and systematic knowledge
base and understanding for specialised area of study. A key feature will be the ability to work with creativity and
originality using knowledge and insights at the forefront of the area of study. There will be a confident grasp of
disciplinary methodologies for the discipline/area of study which will be consistently reflected in both own research and
advanced scholarship, effectively integrating advanced skills of analysis, synthesis, evaluation and application on a firm
foundation of critical facility. Work will be characterised by strong technical expertise to high professional standards,
and there will be sustained evidence of confident, autonomous operation and judgment in complex and unpredictable
professional situations both in relation to working with others and in relation to own functioning. Self-direction,
creativity, practical understanding will be combined to demonstrate the qualities expected of an effective self-critical
independent learner exercising excellent measured judgment, and will be a consistent feature of work.
A clear
Distinction A- Work of very good quality which displays most but not all the criteria for the grade above.
An outstanding
merit B+ Work of highly commendable quality which clearly fulfils the criteria for the grade below, but shows a greater degree
of capability in relevant advanced intellectual or specialised skills.
A very strong
Merit B
Work of commendable quality demonstrating a detailed and systematic knowledge base and understanding in specialised
areas, informed by critical awareness of current issues, research based/theoretical insights at the forefront of the area of
study. This will be supplemented by a good comprehensive understanding of disciplinary methodologies relevant to own
research or advanced scholarship, which will be reflected in work which integrates skills of advanced analysis, synthesis,
evaluation and application with critical awareness. There will be some evidence of originality in application of
skills/knowledge, underpinned by good technical expertise which permits confident, autonomous operation in a range of
complex and unpredictable professional situations. The ability to work autonomously, as a self-critical independent
learner exercising good and considered judgment, will be a consistent feature of work.
A Merit B- Work of good quality which contains most, but not all of the characteristics of the grade above.
An outstanding
Pass C+ Work which clearly fulfils the criteria for the grade below but shows a greater degree of capability in relevant advanced
intellectual or specialised skills.
A very good
Pass C
Work of capable quality which clearly demonstrates a systematic understanding of knowledge in specialised areas and a
critical awareness of current issues, research based/theoretical knowledge at the forefront of the area of study, together
with a sound understanding of methodologies applicable to own research or advanced scholarship. There may be
limitations to the application of this knowledge and/or conceptual understanding of advanced scholarship, but there will
be evidence of critical awareness in relation to analysis, synthesis, evaluation and application. The ability to exercise
initiative as an independent and self-critical learner in complex and unpredictable professional contexts will be
demonstrated, as will threshold levels of technical expertise, although the scope of expertise may be limited.
A Pass C- Work of satisfactory quality which contains most, but not all, of the characteristics of the grade above.
Fail
F+
Work which indicates some evidence of a systematic, coherent and analytical engagement with key aspects of the
field of study, including familiarity with current scholarship, and evidence of ability to utilize specialised skills, but which
also contains significant limitations.
F
Work that falls well short of the threshold standards in relation to one or more of knowledge, intellectual, subject based
or key skills at this level.
FWork of poor quality which is based only on minimal understanding, application or effort. It will offer only very limited
evidence of familiarity with knowledge or skills appropriate to the field of study at this level.
G Nothing presented.
ZZ Academic Misconduct. Work submitted but academic misconduct proven, and penalty given was to award AG grade.
LG Late Submission. Work submitted but given an LG grade due to late submission.
NG Work of nil value. Work submitted but work comprises no value.
9
Assignment Support: Citing & Referencing Harvard Style
(UK Universities have slightly different Harvard referencing style)
For more details, please check your university’s Harvard referencing guide:
UoN’s Harvard Referencing Guide
“Referencing is a way of acknowledging other peoples’ ideas and work. You do this through a citation (in
the text of your work) and a reference at the end of your work. The purpose of referencing is so that anyone
reading your work can refer to the original source to check and verify the ideas presented. You must
reference any source that you use” (UoN Library and Learning Service, 2016).
➢ Your in-text citations and final reference list MUST be in Harvard Style.
➢ You SHOULD develop your critical thinking and provide it in an academic format/work.
➢ Your academic works (report, assignment, presentation and etc) without academic references (textbooks
& academic articles) and credible sources have NO value and it is NOT acceptable.
➢ Using non-academic sources and internet websites such as Wikipedia, YouTube, Online Business Dictionary,
Study.com and similar sources will not add any value to your arguments and your grade will be affected
negatively. Please Do Not use non-academic internet websites / non-academic sources to support your
arguments.
➢ You may develop your knowledge by watching YouTube videos or reading Wikipedia. BUT, you are NOT
allowed to use them as references/citations. You MUST find the original academic or credible sources of
those YouTubes and Wikipedia pages to use as citations and references.
➢ Official credible internet websites can be used to gain data and information to support your findings and
arguments. For example:
1) Office for National Statistics: https://www.ons.gov.uk
2) UK Government: https://www.gov.uk
3) USA Government: https://www.usa.gov
4) BBC: http://www.bbc.co.uk
5) CNN: http://www.cnn.com
6) The world Bank: http://www.worldbank.org
7) IMF: http://www.imf.org
8) United Nation: http://www.un.org/en/index.html
9) EU: http://europa.eu/
10) UNESCO: http://en.unesco.org
11) The Economist: http://www.economist.com
12) Financial Times: http://www.ft.com/home/uk
13) The Telegraph: http://www.telegraph.co.uk
14) HSBC Bank: http://www.hsbc.co.uk
15) Lloyds Bank: https://www.lloydsbank.com
16) Apple: http://www.apple.com
17) Samsung: http://www.samsung.com/uk/home
18) Toyota: https://www.toyota.co.uk/index.json
19) McKinsey & Company https://www.mckinsey.com
20) Chartered Management Institute (CMI) http://www.managers.org.uk
Talk to your lecturer if you need more help!
10
How to develop critical thinking?
You will be taught different modules during your studies. You are going to review, read and understand the
importance of different Business and Management theories and you will practice and apply those theories
on your case studies during seminar activities and assessments.
Critical Thinking means, making reasoned judgments that are logical and well thought out. If you think
critically you may ask these questions such as:
❖ How do you know that?
❖ Why this is happening?
❖ What are the different scholars’ opinions about the objectives / topics?
❖ Is this conclusion based on credible and academic evidence or gut feelings?
❖ Are there alternative possibilities?
You critical thinking can be divided into the followings:
➢ Curiosity
➢ Scepticism
➢ Humility
Curiosity: Desire to learn more information and seek evidence as well as being open to new ideas.
Scepticism: Having a healthy questioning attitude about new information that you are exposed to.
Humility: Admit your opinions and ideas are wrong when faced with new convincing evidence.
Critical Thinking is a complex process of deliberation which involves a wide range of skills and attitudes. The
focus of critical thinking is often referred to as the “argument” (Cottrell, 2011. pp.2-4):
➢ Identifying other people’s (academic scholars) positions, arguments and conclusions.
➢ Evaluating the evidence for alternative points of view.
➢ Weighing up opposing arguments and evidence fairly.
➢ Being able to read between the lines, seeing behind surface and identifying false or unfair
assumptions.
➢ Recognising technique used to make certain positions more appealing than others.
➢ Reflecting issues in a structured way, bringing logic and insight to bear.
➢ Drawing conclusions about whether arguments are valid and justifiable, based on good evidence and
sensible assumptions.
➢ Synthesising information, drawing together your judgments of evidence, synthesising these to form
your own new position.
➢ Presenting a point of view in a structured, clear well-reasoned way that convinces others (based on
creditable findings).
Benefit of critical thinking skills:
➢ Improve attention and observation.
➢ More focused reading.
➢ Improve ability to identify the key points in a text or other message rather than becoming distracted
by less important materials.
➢ Improve ability to respond to the appropriate points in a message.
➢ Knowledge of how to get your own point across more easily
➢ Skills of analysis that you can choose to apply in a variety of situations.
11
Assignment Layout: Critical Issues in Business (STRM042)
➢ Cover Page
➢ Font: Time New Roman
➢ Font size main body: 12
➢ Font size titles: 16 Bold
➢ Font size sub-titles: 14 Bold Italic
➢ Space between lines: 1.5
➢ Margins; Top and Bottom: 2.5 cm
➢ Margins; Right and Left: 3 cm
➢ Lines from left and right Justified
➢ Pages are all Numbered
➢ Table of contents
➢ List of Tables
➢ List of Figures
➢ List of Appendices
➢ All the essential sections/chapters that you think are appropriate for your assignment.
➢ Harvard Reference List
Cover page, appendices, list of tables, list of figures, list of appendices and end Harvard Reference
list are not included in your final word count.
12
****** This is a sample template for your assignment ******
Faculty of Business & Law
International Strategy & Business
IS&B
Student Name:

Student ID:

MBA
STRM 042
Critical Issues in Business
Assignment Topic:?
Assignment word count:?
Lecturer Name:?
Submission Date:?
13
1. Title
Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages are all
numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages are
all numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages
are all numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right,
pages are all numbered Main body font
1.1. Sub-title
Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages are all
numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages are
all numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages
are all numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right,
pages are all numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and
right, pages are all numbered
1.2. Sub-title
Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages are all
numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages are
all numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages
are all numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right,
pages are all numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and
right, pages are all numbered
2. Title
Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages are all
numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages are
all numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages
are all numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right,
pages are all numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and
right, pages are all numbered
14
2.1. Sub-title
Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages are all
numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages are
all numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages
are all numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right,
pages are all numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and
right, pages are all numbered
2.2. Sub-title
Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages are all
numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages are
all numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages
are all numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right,
pages are all numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and
right, pages are all numbered
3. Title
Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages are all
numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages are
all numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages
are all numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right,
pages are all numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and
right, pages are all numbered
3.1. Sub-title
Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages are all
numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages are
all numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right, pages
are all numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and right,
pages are all numbered Main body font size 12, space between lines 1.5 and justified from left and
right, pages are all numbered
15
4. List of References
Must be in UoN Harvard Style, UoN Harvard Style, UoN Harvard Style, UoN Harvard Style, UoN Harvard
Style, UoN Harvard Style, UoN Harvard Style, UoN Harvard Style, UoN Harvard Style, UoN Harvard Style,
UoN Harvard Style, UoN Harvard Style, UoN Harvard Style, UoN Harvard Style, UoN Harvard Style, UoN
Harvard Style, UoN Harvard Style,

 
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